Flaring or swelling of veins in the anus or rectum are called hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoid therapy is the treatment of hemorrhoids. Doctors who specialize in treating hemorrhoids may work in the fields of gastroenterology, proctology, and internal medicine. A very common co-specialty may be rectal surgery. Any doctor who has the knowledge, skill, and experience can specialize in treating hemorrhoids. Many people try to treat hemorrhoids without consulting a doctor. There is a risk that treatments may not be appropriate. The diagnosis could be another type unrelated to hemorrhoids. Below is an overview of treatments that are common for hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoid therapy is often sought when a rather uncomfortable pain flares up in the rectum and/or anal area. There may be blood on the toilet paper or in the bowl after a bowel movement. Cleaning the exposed area with baby wipes can help. It’s important to be gentle during this process. Sitz baths are soaked in a warm tub of water for about 20 minutes. Epsom salt can be added to reduce swelling. Sitz baths can be repeated several times a day. It helps to gently dry the area with a towel afterwards. Wearing cotton panties helps with absorbency.
Ice packs can be applied for 10 minutes, followed by a warm compress for 20 minutes. Moist heat can be applied to this treatment as needed. Topical hemorrhoid therapy can be hydrocortisone cream, cream, or wipes containing witch hazel or zinc oxide creams. Using a donut-shaped pad has been found to be anti-therapeutic as it can reduce blood flow to the affected areas. Oral medicines should be anti-inflammatory in nature. Naproxen or ibuprofen can be helpful oral pain relievers. Hemorrhoids are an itch that should not be scratched. This will bring even more misery.
If recommended hemorrhoid therapy isn’t working, it may be time to talk to a specialist about other options. Surgery may be appropriate after further evaluation. Office procedures can also work. The type of treatment depends on the severity and location of the hemorrhoid. Preventing hemorrhoids can be helped by increasing fiber intake, drinking plenty of water, and exercise. This helps keep the stool formed and supple. Hard or loose stools can cause hemorrhoids, as can straining to pass stool. Sitting on the toilet for too long is also a culprit. There is relief for this uncomfortable condition.
Thanks to Brad Grayson